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Regions in Greenland

Facts pertinent to research projects and expeditions

North Greenland

North Greenland is defined as the area between Humboldt Glacier in the northwest to Germania Land in the northeast. The important logistical fact concerning this area is the inaccessible by ordinary ships even in the summertime. The topography is dominated by plateaus of sedimentary rocks of early Palaeozoic age but alpine areas are present in the northernmost part and parallel to the coast to the east. Large local ice caps are present in the area. In the whole area deep fjords reach the ice cap and large glaciers with floating fronts are common in the fjords.

The climate is extremely high arctic with limited precipitation except in the northeasternmost part, which is influenced by a local polynia. As an arctic desert the scattered vegetation is mostly present in the valleys and the coastal plains.

Only personnel at the military outpost Station Nord is present around the year. Station Nord is the only port of entrance by air inside the region, but Thule Air Base, Qaanaaq, Mestersvig and Canadian Forces Station Alert may be used as stepping stones to the region.

The National Park in North and East Greenland
Since 1974 vast areas of northeast Greenland have been designated as a national park. The purpose of the c. 1 000 000 km2 park is to conserve the wilderness of the region and at the same time allow research and public admission. Protection of landscapes, flora, wildlife, prehistoric remains and other cultural relics of the past is the overall objective. The public is granted admission to the park on certain conditions.