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Transport by Air

Greenland and the free mobility of people across borders

The EU Schengen agreement eliminates passport and customs control at the borders between Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Faroe Islands, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Greenland, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, and Sweden. The mentioned countries are here known as the "Schengen countries".

Whilst passengers can travel between Schengen countries without having to show their passports, there will be stricter control of passengers entering from non-Schengen countries. When you travel to Greenland from a non-Schengen country you must show your passport at your port of entry, which must be either Kangerlussuaq, Nuuk or Qaanaaq.

Citizens of Canadian and the U.S. do not require visas for short-term (i.e. less than 3 months) visits to Denmark, Greenland or other Schengen countries. Travellers should ensure that their passports are stamped on entry and exit at the external borders of the Schengen area. The passport stamps serve as documentary evidence of a traveller's length of stay in Schengen territory.

Officers at ports of entry might wave travellers through, but it is in a traveller's interest to request an entry stamp. There is normally no passport control at borders between Schengen countries, and therefore the absence of an entry stamp from the initial Schengen port of entry could create difficulties during subsequent encounters with local police or other authorities.

Schengen and non-Schengen airports in Greenland

  • Immigration and Customs
    Immigration is not required for flights between Schengen countries.
    Customs clearance is still compulsory for all flights to Greenland.

  • Flight Plans
    Filing of flight plans is still compulsory for flights to / from Greenland.

  • Ports of entry or departure
    •   Airports approved for traffic to / from any country:
      Kangerlussuaq, Nuuk and Qaanaaq.
      One of these three airports must therefore be your first stop, if your are travelling to Greenland from e.g. North America. At these airports a national border has been created so that Schengen and non-Schengen passengers are kept separate.

    •   Airports and heliports approved for flights to / from Schengen countries only:
      The remaining public aerodromes / heliports in Greenland.