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Regions in Greenland Facts pertinent to research projects and expeditions

More facts about the East coast

More on transportation to and from the East coast

 

East Greenland

The region from 68°N to Kap Farvel is a relative narrow strip of land between the ice sheet and the coast, frequently cut up by narrow fjords often partially filled by glaciers protruding from the ice sheet.

The region is highly influenced by the proximity of the ice sheet and nunataqs are abundant as well as areas where the ice sheet meets the sea. The areas has many alpine peaks reaching altitudes above 2000 m. The highest mountain of the area is Gunnbjørns Fjeld (Mount Gunnbjörn) north of Ammassalik with an altitude of 3700 m.

The climate of the region is low Arctic, but in comparision with areas at identical latitude, the climate at the southeast coast is colder due to the East Greenland current, which carries large amounts of cold Arctic water with sea ice and icebergs southwards along the coast.

The vegetation is less extensive than at comparable latitudes on the west coast, but in protected valleys (e.g. near Skjoldungen Island) a lush and diverse plant cover can be found.

Except for the town Ammassalik and the surrounding hamlets, the coast is uninhabited and accessible by ship only in July through September.

The region is shared by municipalities Ammassalik/Tasiilaq and Ittoqqortoormiit/Scoresbysund.