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Act of Landsting concerning preservation of ancient monuments and buildings as changed by Act of Landsting 20th October 1983

§ 1
Ancient monuments, visible in the terrain, such as ruins, dwelling sites, tent rings, kitchen middens, graves and stone circles, are protected and may not be damaged, altered or moved partly or wholly. Neither may building, digging, ploughing, lighting of fire, pitching of tents or littering in or on the ancient monuments take place.
Sect. 2. The ancient monuments regulations do not apply to the period after 1900, to buildings in use or to cairns.
Sect. 3. The Greenland Minister of Culture and Education may dispense from the terms in sect. 1., after consulting with the National Museum of Greenland.

§ 2
The National Museum of Greenland registers ancient monuments.

§ 3
Any activity, which to a considerable degree may make unsightly the ancient monuments, as set out in § 1, is prohibited within a distance of 20 metres. Finds in connection with the ancient monument, must be left undisturbed or if removed, handed over when requested by the National Museum of Greenland.
Sect. 2. The National Museum of Greenland can make exceptions to the conditions stated in sect. 1. The decision may be appealed before the Greenland Minister of Culture and Education.

§ 4
If, during digging, an ancient monument is uncovered, work to the extent that it affects the ancient monument, must cease immediately. The objects found belong to the Greenland Home Rule and must be handed over upon request. As soon as possible the National Museum of Greenland will inform the person working, whether activity must cease until an investigation has been carried out or until a decision has been reached to start a preservation process. The decision of the National Museum of Greenland cannot be appealed before the Greenland Minister of Culture and Education.
Sect. 2. If any private person suffers loss due to cessation of work, he is entitled to compensation. The claim is presented to the National Museum of Greenland which in turn puts forward the claim for compensation to the Greenland Minister of Culture and Education.

§ 5
The National Museum of Greenland is authorized to carry out immediate investigation of ancient monuments, uncovered by digging.
Sect. 2. The case is brought before the Greenland Ministry of Culture and
Education within one week after start of investigation, and a budget for the completion of work is agreed upon.

§ 6
The authorization mentioned in § 5 also includes ancient monuments in territorial waters.

§ 7
The Greenland Minister of Culture and Education may, on the recommendation of the National Museum of Greenland, make known, to other institutions or scientific organizations, the permission to investigate and excavate ancient monuments and finds.
Sect. 2. The Greenland Minister of Culture and Education specifies regulations for the permits mentioned in Sect. 1.

§ 8
Single object finds, cf. Landsting Ordinance on Museum Services, are likewise covered by the terms set out in this chapter.

§ 9
Buildings, churchyards, parts of buildings and cairns may be preserved, if the conservation of these is of considerable importance, due to their historical value.
Sect. 2. In connection with preservation according to sect. 1, content and extent of the preservation is determined. Furthermore, it can be determined which measures the owner, user or relevant municipality must take in order to effect the preservation.

§ 10
The National Museum of Greenland collects information and carries out registration of buildings, churchyards, parts of buildings and cairns, worthy of preservation.

§ 11
Rulings on the question of preservation according to § 9, are made by the Greenland Minister of Culture and Education.

§ 12
The Greenland Minister of Culture and Education appoints a Building Preservation Council consisting of three members. The committee will act in an advisory capacity in cases concerning preservation of buildings.

§ 13
The National Museum of Greenland must begin preservation proceedings for those, in § 9 listed, buildings, churchyards, parts of buildings and cairns, which are important in illustrating the cultural history of the country.
Sect. 2. Furthermore, preservation proceedings may be instigated by the State, municipalities or organizations, approved by the Greenland Minister of Culture and Education.

§ 14
Before the Greenland Minister of Culture and Education can begin preservation proceedings, the public, the owner, the user and the municipality must be given notice of the objective and extent of the preservation.
Sect. 2. The notification must include a time limit of minimum 3 months for putting forward any demands or compensation claims.
Sect. 3. From the time notice is given as set out in sect. 1, nothing must be done to obstruct or impede the planned preservation.

§ 15
The National Museum of Greenland registers protected buildings, churchyards, parts of buildings and cairns.

§ 16
If no compensation claims are brought forward in connection with the planned preservation, the Greenland Minister of Culture and Education makes the decision concerning preservation.
Sect. 2. Should a claim for compensation be put forward, the case is submitted to the Greenland Home Rule Government. If the claim is not approved by the Greenland Home Rule Government, the Greenland Minister of Culture and Education will institute proceedings against the party concerned for a ruling on the issue.

§ 17
The regulations concerning the preservation of buildings are registered at the request of the Greenland Minister of Culture and Education. The High Court judge must inform the Greenland Minister of Culture and Education of any changes in ownership. Announcement of intended preservation must be made,
at the latest a fortnight after ruling, just as the parties involved in the case must be informed.

§ 18
Repeal or amendment of preservation as set out in this chapter must follow the same procedure as applies to implementation of preservation.
Sect. 2. The Greenland Minister of Culture and Education may, after taking the opinion of the Building Preservation Council, allow deviation from the preservation regulations, insofar as this is possible without being detrimental to the purpose of the preservation.

§ 19
According to the conditions in §§ 9-18, localities and sites may be declared protected, if conservation is of considerable importance due to historic consideration.

§ 20
The Greenland Minister of Culture and Education may determine the supervisory preservation regulations of the National Museum of Greenland.
Sect. 2. The Minister may instruct the owner or user to rectify any unlawful circumstances. Failure to comply with this within the stipulated time, will result in the work being carried out at the expense of the owner or user.

§ 21
A warning or a fine may be imposed on anyone who:
1) violates § 1, sect. 1, § 3, sect. 1, item 1, § 4, sect. 1, items 1 and 2, § 8, § 14, sect. 3.
2) disregards terms or injunctions, as ruled in accordance with § 1, sect. 3, § 3, sect. 1, item 2, § 3, sect. 2, item 1, § 4, sect. 1, item 3, § 9, sect. 2, § 14, sect. 3, § 18, sect. 2, § 19.

§ 22
Prior preservation not substituted by preservation according to this Act, remain in force untill amended.

§ 23
The Greenland Minister of Culture and Education is authorized to determine regulations for implementation of the provisions of this Act, including any temporary provisions.

§ 24
This Act takes effect as of January 1st 1981 and at the same time revokes Act of Preservation for Greenland no. 266 of May 22nd 1974, to the extent that the regulations therein are replaced by present Act of Landsting.

October 16th 1980

Jonathan Motzfeldt / Thue Christiansen

The Greenland Home Rule Government,
October 20th 1983

Jonathan Motzfeldt / Stephen Heilmann

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Updated March 5, 2002
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